Ecological Associates, Inc. | EAI Environmental Services


January 20, 2023

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The Florida Shorebird Alliance (“FSA”) has published its Monitoring Data at Work Annual Report, which reflects conservation efforts and positive trends for Florida shorebirds and seabirds. This report also informs of how to protect shorebirds and seabirds.

Bird stewards ensure beachgoers are aware of fragile nesting areas and educate visitors about the remarkable species that rely on Florida’s coastal habitats for survival. Rooftop stewards monitor buildings where chicks are falling from unprotected rooftop edges and rain gutters and return them safely to the rooftop. They work with property owners to “chick proof” rooftops by installing chick fencing to reduce risks to hatchlings. (See Page 16 of FSA Monitoring Data at Work Report).

EAI Involvement

EAI participates in shorebird research and has contributed data to allow these reports to be generated.

Pictured: EAI personnel monitoring Florida shorebirds and seabirds

As part of permit required monitoring for coastal construction projects, EAI monitors for protected shorebirds like piping plovers (Charadrius melodus). Piping plovers are common winter residents and migrants in Florida but do not nest here. The piping plover’s main threat is habitat loss from development on beaches, which has reduced the amount of suitable wintering land available. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (“FWC”) states:

The piping plover is protected by the U.S. Migratory Bird Treaty Act. It is also protected as a Threatened species by the Federal Endangered Species Act and as a Federally-designated Threatened species by Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Species Rule. Piping plovers are protected in Florida through management of wintering grounds.  Frequent disturbance of these migrants has been shown to reduce their survival rates, so wintering areas used by piping plovers may be posted with signs to protect them from disturbance. (See FWC website).

EAI also conducts least tern (Sternula antillarum) surveys, who also face habitat loss due to coastal development.

The least tern is protected by the U.S. Migratory Bird Treaty Act.  It is also protected as an Endangered Species (Midwest and Great Plains states only) by the Federal Endangered Species Act and as a State-designated Threatened species by Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Species Rule. (See FWC website).

Other nesting shorebirds monitored by EAI include the American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliates), black skimmer (Rynchops niger), killdeer (Charadrius vociferus), willet (Tringa semipalmata), and Wilson’s plover (Charadrius wilsonia).

For those interested in aiding in the conservation of Florida shorebirds and seabirds, the Florida Shorebird Alliance (“FSA”) is conducting its 15th Annual 2023 Winter Shorebird Survey from February 3rd – 9th in 2023 to gather data to “better understand the winter distribution of shorebirds and seabirds in Florida.”  (See the FSA website for information on how to get involved). EAI will again be participating in these surveys by monitoring beaches in Indian River, St. Lucie, and Martin Counties.

If you are interested in learning more about shorebird monitoring on the Treasure Coast, we invite you to participate in the Treasure Coast Shorebird Partnership. The partnership offers opportunities to conduct outreach as well as to monitor rooftop nesting sites in the Treasure Coast region (Indian River to Martin Counties). Contact Niki Desjardin for more information (

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